Gum Disease (Periodontal Disease)
There are different levels of Periodontal Disease ranging from Gingivitis to Advanced Periodontal Disease. Wherever you may be, healthy or diseased, Dana Park Dental is here to provide the best possible quality care for your dental needs.
Gingivitis is the first stage of Periodontal (Gum) Disease. It is caused when plaque and calculus irritate the gingival or gums. If you are seeing bleeding of the gum tissue when you brush and floss you probably have gingivitis. Gingivitis is completely reversible but can be complicated by certain health conditions. If left untreated Gingivitis can become Periodontitis. Your hygienist will work with you to treat Gingivitis and get you back to a healthy state before Periodontitis occurs.
Periodontal Disease (Gum Disease)
Periodontal disease is a rising concern in the world today. Having untreated periodontal disease puts you at risk for a multitude of health issues such as heart disease, stroke and complications with diabetes as well as tooth loss. At Dana Park Dental the Dentist or dental hygienist will do a periodontal exam at your first visit as well as your continuing appointments. To do this they use a small instrument called a periodontal probe which is a measuring tool. Your Gingiva (gum) creates a type of collar (sulcus) around the tooth. Your dental professional will use the probe to measure the depth around your tooth. A healthy sulcus is 3 millimeters or less with no bleeding. If you have gum disease there will be deeper pockets that the bacteria have created along with bleeding and sometimes even pus. If left untreated this infection can enter your blood stream and affect other areas of the body.
How is Periodontal Disease Treated?
To treat Periodontal Disease your dental hygienist will do a procedure called Scaling and Root Planing. They will typically numb the area being worked on to make it more comfortable for you. They will use an ultrasonic scaler as well and hand instruments to remove the bacteria that is embedded into the root surface. The hygienist may also medicate the area with antibiotics or disinfectant and then educate the patient on how to keep the bacteria out of the diseased area for maximum healing.
Within 24 hours the bacteria on your teeth will begin to form again. Regular home care and periodontal maintenance appointments are necessary in order to keep the bacteria (plaque, calculus, tarter) from destroying more supporting tooth structure.
Following scaling and Root Planing it is necessary to have periodontal maintenance appointments every 3-4 months in order to try to keep the disease stable. It is also necessary for you, as the patient to continue with optimal home care of brushing and cleaning between the teeth. There are many tools available to use for that including manual and electric toothbrushes, dental floss or waterpicks, as well as interdental brushes and picks. We will help you to find the tools that work best for you and your needs,